Simon Baron-Cohen

Simon Baron-Cohen
Simon Baron-Cohen.jpg
Baron-Cohen in 2011
Born(1958-08-15) 15 August 1958 (age 59)
ResidenceEngland
NationalityBritish
FieldsPsychology and Cognitive neuroscience
InstitutionsUniversity of Cambridge
Alma mater
  • New College, Oxford
  • King's College London
  • University College London
ThesisSocial cognition and pretend-play in autism (1985)
Doctoral advisorUta Frith
Known forAutism research
Notable awardsKanner-Asperger Medal 2013 (WGAS)

Biography

Simon Baron-Cohen FBA (given birth to 15 August 1958) is a Uk clinical psychologist, teacher of developmental psychopathology on the College or university of Cambridge in britain. He’s the Director from the University’s Autism Analysis Center, and a Fellow of Trinity University. In 1985 he developed the mindblindness theory of autism, the data that was collated in his 1995 reserve. In 1997, he developed the fetal sex steroid theory of autism, the main element test which was released in 2015. He in addition has made major efforts to the areas of regular cognitive sex distinctions, autism prevalence and testing, autism genetics, autism neuroimaging, autism and specialized capability, and synaesthesia.

Personal life and education

Baron-Cohen completed a BA in Human being Sciences in New University, Oxford, and an MPhil in Clinical Mindset in the Institute of Psychiatry, King's University London. He finished a PhD in Mindset at University University London; his doctoral study was in cooperation along with his supervisor Uta Frith.He married Bridget Lindley, a family group rights attorney, in 1987. She passed away in 2016.Baron-Cohen has 3 kids, the eldest of whom is screenwriter and movie director Sam Baron. He comes with an old sibling Dan Baron Cohen and three more youthful siblings, sibling Ash Baron-Cohen and sisters Suzie and Liz. Their cousin may be the acting professional and comedian Sacha Baron Cohen. Baron-Cohen's surname carries a hyphen—which isn't the situation with other users of his family members—due to a typographical mistake in his 1st professional content; he never really had the mistake corrected.

Autism research

While he was an associate from the Cognitive Development Unit (CDU) in London, in 1985 Baron-Cohen was business lead writer of the first research, published with Alan M. Leslie and Uta Frith, which suggested a relationship between kids with autism and delays in the introduction of a theory of brain, referred to as ToM. A theory of brain is the capability to imagine other's feelings and thoughts, which is an art that regarding to Baron-Cohen's analysis is typically postponed developmentally in kids with autism.Baron-Cohen and his co-workers discovered in 1987 the initial evidence that encounters in synaesthesia remain consistent as time passes; they also discovered synaesthesia to become measurable via neuroimaging methods. His team provides looked into whether synaesthesia is normally linked to autism.In 1997 Baron-Cohen created the empathising–systemising theory. His theory is normally a cognitive account using a systemising drive that's more powerful than empathising is normally connected with maths, research and technology abilities, and is available in households with autism range disorders. He suspects that if people with a "systemising" concentrate are selecting one another as mates, they will have kids with autism. He postulates that more people with autistic features are marrying one another and having kids. He stated that "Essentially, some geeks could be providers of genes for autism: within their very own life, they don't demonstrate any signals of serious autism, however when they set up and also have children, their children gets a double dosage of autism genes and features. In this manner, assortative mating between technical-minded people might pass on autism genes."According to Time period magazine, his sights on systemising traits got "gained him the ire of some parents of autistic kids, who complain that he underestimates their family members' struggling". Time stated that while analysis from Washington School in St. Louis didn't support the assortive mating theory, a study discovering that autism was doubly saturated in Eindhoven (the Silicon Valley of holland) acquired "breathed new lease of life" into Baron-Cohen's theory. The idea has received additional support in 2016.Baron-Cohen's function in systemising-empathising led him to research whether higher degrees of fetal testosterone explain the increased prevalence of autism range disorders among men; his theory is recognized as the "severe male mind" theory of autism. An assessment of his publication THE FUNDAMENTAL Difference released in Character in 2003 summarises his proposal as: "the male human brain is designed to systemize and the feminine human brain to empathize ... Asperger's symptoms represents the intensive male human brain". Critics state that because his function has centered on higher-functioning people with autism range disorders, it needs unbiased replication with broader examples. His prediction that prenatal testosterone will be raised in autism continues to be confirmed.In 2001 he established the Autism Spectrum Quotient, a couple of fifty questions you can use to greatly help determine if a grown-up exhibits symptoms of autism. The AQ provides subsequently been found in hundreds of research including one research of half of a million people, displaying robust sex distinctions and higher ratings in those that function in STEM.Baron-Cohen developed the Mindreading software program for particular education, that was nominated for an award in the Uk Academy of Film and Tv Arts (BAFTA) interactive award in 2002. His laboratory created The Transporters, an computer animation series made to show kids with autism to discover and understand feelings. The series was also nominated to get a BAFTA award.

Criticism

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Organizations

Baron-Cohen is a Fellow from the Uk Psychological Culture (BPS), the Uk Academy, as well as the Association for Psychological Research. He's a BPS Chartered Psychologist.He serves simply because Vice-President from the Country wide Autistic Culture (UK), and was the 2012 Chairman from the Country wide Institute for Health insurance and Care Quality (Great) Guideline Advancement Group for adults with autism. He provides offered as Vice-President from the International Culture for Autism Analysis (INSAR). He's co-editor in key from the journal Molecular Autism. He's President-Elect of INSAR.He's the Chair from the Psychology Portion of the Uk Academy.

Recognition

Baron-Cohen was awarded the 1990 Spearman Medal in the BPS, the McAndless Prize in the American Psychological Association, the 1993 Might Davidson Prize for Clinical Mindset in the BPS, as well as the 2006 presidents' Prize in the BPS. He was honored the Kanner-Asperger Medal in 2013 with the Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft Autismus-Spektrum as an eternity Accomplishment Prize for his efforts to autism analysis.

Media appearances

In 2005, Baron-Cohen appeared in the Research Route documentary Brainman about Daniel Tammet.This year 2010, Norwegian documentarian Harald Eia posted it series Hjernevask ("Brainwash") where Baron-Cohen appeared during two episodes about gender differences in new-born children.In 2016, he appeared in every 3 episodes from the BBC Two documentary Employable Me, teaching the talents in people who have autism and exactly how these is actually a benefit to employers.

Selected publications

Single-authored books

Mindblindness: An Article on Autism and Theory of Brain. MIT Press/Bradford Books. 1995. ISBN 978-0-262-02384-9.   THE FUNDAMENTAL Difference: Men, Ladies and the Great Male Mind. Penguin/Fundamental Books. 2003. ISBN 978-0-7139-9671-5.   Autism and Asperger Symptoms. Facts. Oxford University or college Press. 2008. ISBN 978-0-19-850490-0.   No Levels of Empathy: A FRESH Theory of Individual Cruelty. Penguin/Allen Street. 2011. ISBN 978-0-7139-9791-0.   (released in america as The Research of Bad: On Empathy as well as the Origins of Individual Cruelty, ISBN 978-0-465-02353-0)

Other books

Baron-Cohen S, Tager-Flusberg H, Lombardo MV, eds. (2013). Understanding Additional Thoughts: Perspectives From Sociable Cognitive Neuroscience (3rd ed.). Oxford College or university Press. ISBN 978-0-19-852446-5.   Hadwin J, Howlin P, Baron-Cohen S (2008). Teaching Kids with Autism to Mindread: A Useful Guide for Instructors and Parents. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-97623-3.   Baron-Cohen S, Lutchmaya S, Knickmeyer R (2005). Prenatal Testosterone at heart: Amniotic Liquid Research. MIT Press/Bradford Books. ISBN 978-0-262-26774-8.   Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S (2004). A PRECISE Brain: An Musician with Asperger Symptoms. Jessica Kingsley. ISBN 978-1-84310-032-4.   Baron-Cohen S; Tager-Flusberg H; Cohen DJ, eds. (2000). Understanding Various other Thoughts: Perspectives from Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience (2nd ed.). Oxford College or university Press. ISBN 978-0-19-852445-8.   Baron-Cohen S, Harrison J, eds. (1997). Synaesthesia: Basic and Modern Readings. Blackwells. ISBN 978-0-631-19763-8.   Baron-Cohen S, ed. (1997). The Maladapted Brain: Basic Readings in Evolutionary Psychopathology. East Sussex, UK: Mindset Press/Taylor Francis Group. ISBN 0-86377-460-1.  

Selected journal articles

Baron-Cohen S, Leslie AM, Frith U (Oct 1985). "Will the autistic kid have got a "theory of brain"?". Cognition. 21 (1): 37–46. PMID 2934210. doi:10.1016/0010-0277(85)90022-8.   Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Skinner R, Martin J, Clubley E (Feb 2001). "The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): proof from Asperger symptoms/high-functioning autism, men and women, researchers and mathematicians". J Autism Dev Disord. 31 (1): 5–17. PMID 11439754. doi:10.1023/A:1005653411471.   Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Hill J, Raste Y, Plumb I (Feb 2001). "The "Reading your brain in the Eye" Test modified version: a report with regular adults, and adults with Asperger symptoms or high-functioning autism". J Kid Psychol Psychiatry. 42 (2): 241–51. PMID 11280420. doi:10.1111/1469-7610.00715.  

See also

Childhood Autism Range Test Sally-Anne test

Source
Wikipedia
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