Julie Bishop

The Honourable
Julie Bishop
MP
Portrait of Julie Bishop.jpg
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Incumbent
Assumed office
18 September 2013
Prime MinisterTony Abbott
Malcolm Turnbull
Preceded byBob Carr
Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party
Incumbent
Assumed office
29 November 2007
LeaderBrendan Nelson
Tony Abbott
Malcolm Turnbull
Preceded byPeter Costello
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
In office
3 December 2007 - 18 September 2013
LeaderBrendan Nelson
Malcolm Turnbull
Tony Abbott
Preceded byJulia Gillard
Succeeded byAnthony Albanese
Minister for Education, Science and Training
In office
27 January 2006 - 3 December 2007
Prime MinisterJohn Howard
Preceded byBrendan Nelson
Succeeded byJulia Gillard
Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for Women's Issues
In office
27 January 2006 - 3 December 2007
Prime MinisterJohn Howard
Preceded byKay Patterson
Succeeded byTanya Plibersek
Minister for Ageing
In office
7 October 2003 - 27 January 2006
Prime MinisterJohn Howard
Preceded byKevin Andrews
Succeeded bySanto Santoro
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Curtin
Incumbent
Assumed office
3 October 1998
Preceded byAllan Rocher
Majority20.7%
Personal details
BornJulie Isabel Bishop
(1956-07-17) 17 July 1956 (age 61)
Lobethal, South Australia
Political partyLiberal Party
Other political
affiliations
Coalition
Spouse(s)Neil Gillon (1983-1988)
Alma materUniversity of Adelaide

Biography

Julie Isabel Bishop (given birth to 17 July 1956) can be an Australian politician, portion seeing that the Minister for Foreign Affairs since 2013, as well as the Deputy Head from the Liberal Party since 2007. Bishop was raised in the Adelaide Hillsides and was informed on the St Peter’s Collegiate Young ladies’ School, afterwards attending the School of Adelaide. Ahead of getting into politics, she was a handling partner of main Australian lawyer Clayton Utz. Bishop was initially elected as an associate from the Australian Home of Representatives on the 1998 government election for the chair of Curtin in American Australia. She actually is the initial female deputy head from the Liberal Party and was the 3rd woman to carry the name of Deputy Head from the Opposition. Bishop previously served in the Howard Federal government seeing that the Minister for Ageing from 2003 to 2006, as well as the Minister for Education, Research and Schooling from 2006 to 2007, before defeat from the Liberal/Country wide Coalition on the election held on 24 November 2007.

Early life and career

Bishop was created in Lobethal, South Australia, developing through to a cherry plantation in the Adelaide Hillsides. She was informed at St Peter's Collegiate Young ladies' College and later on the School of Adelaide, where she examined laws, graduating in 1978. She practised being a barrister and lawyer on the Adelaide lawyer Mangan, Ey & Bishop, where she was somebody.In 1983, Bishop moved to Perth, American Australia, where she practised being a industrial litigation solicitor at Clayton Utz (then referred to as Robinson Cox). While functioning at Clayton Utz, she was area of the legal group which defended settlement promises against CSR by asbestos mining employees who acquired contracted mesothelioma due to their function for the business. She became somebody of Clayton Utz in 1985.Bishop became managing partner from the Perth workplace of Clayton Utz in 1994. In 1996, she went to Harvard Business College for eight weeks to comprehensive an Advanced Administration Program for Mature Managers. It had been during this training course that she was motivated to provide her nation; after she came back from America, she was appointed being a delegate towards the 1998 Constitutional Convention over the republic. There she fulfilled David Johnston, leader from the WA Liberals, who confident her to enter federal government politics.Bishop chaired the city Planning Charm Tribunal of American Australia, belonged to the senate of Murdoch School and was a movie director of the Particular Broadcasting Provider (SBS) and a movie director and fellow from the Australian Institute of Administration. She's also served over the Council of Governors from the Lions Hearing and Hearing Institute.

Political career

Member of Parliament

Bishop won preselection for the Liberal Party for the chair of Curtin, European Australia, in 1998, and continued to get the seat in the federal election later on that 12 months, defeating the sitting down member, Liberal turned indie Allan Rocher, who also had held the chair since 1981.Following a Liberals' February 2001 condition election loss by Richard Court docket to Geoff Gallop, Bishop was mooted just as one contender for leader from the condition opposition. Initially, Courtroom announced that he'd business lead the Liberals into opposition. Nevertheless, behind the moments he was executive a offer under which both he and his deputy innovator and factional challenger, Colin Barnett, would resign from your condition legislature. Bishop could have handed her easily safe federal chair to Barnett, joined the condition parliament with a by-election in either Barnett or Court's easily safe condition seats (both which had been located within Curtin's edges) and been successful Court as condition Liberal leader. The offer soon collapsed, nevertheless, when Bishop switched it down, declaring that this set up wasn't bizarre, but "innovative, different". Courtroom was pressured to keep politics completely, and Barnett required over as condition opposition leader.

Howard Government

Bishop was appointed Minister for Ageing in 2003. She was afterwards marketed to Minister for Education, Research and Schooling and Minister Helping the Perfect Minister for Women's Problems in the cupboard reshuffle on 24 January 2006 and offered in those positions before defeat from the Coalition federal government at the federal government election kept on 24 November 2007.Bishop's education insurance policies centred over the advancement of country wide education standards aswell as performance-based purchase instructors. On 13 Apr 2007, the Australian condition governments portrayed opposition to Bishop's insurance policies, notably those associated with performance pay out. In the 2007 spending budget, the government announced a $5b "endowment finance" for advanced schooling, with the portrayed goal of offering world-class tertiary establishments in Australia.A few of Bishop's responses, such as for example "the states have got ideologically hijacked college syllabi and so are wasting $180 million in unnecessary duplication", were criticised by instructors. An advance mass media kit for the 2006 speech stated elements of the modern curriculum emerged "direct from Chairman Mao"; nevertheless, the guide was fell from her talk.In 2006, Bishop was offered significant donations towards the Liberal Party by Tim Johnston, the Perth-based head from the deceptive company Firepower International, who wanted her co-operation in obtaining significant Commonwealth funding for his functions. Bishop facilitated Johnston's usage of the Howard federal government at the best level, compounding comprehensive public complicity and Austrade financing from the multimillion-dollar fraud. For instance, Firepower was marketed being a co-sponsor (with BHP Billiton) from the trade present "Australia Week in Moscow", that was opened with the Australian mind of condition, Governor-General Michael Jeffery on 10 May 2005.

Opposition

Following a Coalition's loss in the 2007 election, Bishop was elected deputy leader from the Liberal Get together under Brendan Nelson on 29 November 2007. Inside a ballot of Liberal party space people, Bishop prevailed with 44 votes, yet another than the mixed total of her two rivals, Andrew Robb (25 votes) and Christopher Pyne (18 votes). Nelson opted never to provide National Party innovator Warren Truss the post of Deputy Innovator from the Opposition, instead providing it to Bishop. Bishop was also provided the shadow collection of work, business and office relationships in the Nelson shadow cupboard.On 22 Sept 2008, Bishop was offered the part of Shadow Treasurer by Nelson's successor as Opposition Innovator, Malcolm Turnbull, in his shadow cupboard, building her the first female to carry the collection of any main party in the federal government level. On 16 Feb 2009, she resigned from the positioning of Shadow Treasurer because of dissatisfaction within Liberal rates over her efficiency. Bishop shifted to international affairs while keeping her placement of Deputy Innovator as well as the shadow treasury collection was bought out by Joe Hockey. On 1 Dec 2009, Tony Abbott was elected innovator after a management spill. Bishop maintained the deputy part without having to be challenged for the positioning and also maintained her part as Shadow Minister for International Affairs in Abbott's shadow cupboard.This year 2010, Bishop defended the suspected forgery of Australian passports by Mossad, saying that lots of countries practised the forging of passports for intelligence operations, including Australia. The federal government attacked Bishop on the claims, saying she got "damaged a long-standing convention" in not really speculating about cleverness practices. She later on clarified her declaration, saying, "I've no understanding of any Australian specialist forging any passports of any country."Following a Coalition's filter loss in the 2010 federal election, Bishop maintained the roles of Deputy Leader and Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs and was presented with the added responsibility of Shadow Minister for Operate.

Abbott Government

After winning the 2013 election, Abbott formed government and Bishop was eventually sworn in as Minister for Foreign Affairs and retained her position as deputy Liberal leader. She was the just female person in the initial Abbott Cupboard and the 3rd most senior federal government minister following the Perfect Minister and Deputy Perfect Minister respectively.Along with Scott Morrison, Bishop continues to be widely thought to be one of the better performing ministers in the federal government.In Dec 2014, Bishop became just the second feminine Acting Primary Minister of Australia, after Julia Gillard (who served in the capability at numerous points between 2007 to 2010, before becoming Primary Minister this year 2010). Throughout her tenure as Foreign Minister in the Abbott Authorities and later inside the Turnbull Authorities, Bishop continues to be touted by politics commentators just as one future Leader from the Liberal Party, and therefore, Primary Minister. Foreign fightersInside a 2015 speech detailing the Australian government's steps against ISIS, Bishop compared the psychological underpinnings of ISIS with this of Nazism. Citing Eric Hoffer's seminal function THE REAL Believer, she argued that this announced Caliphate drew from your same resource that drove the people to aid Hitler: "Invincibility was – before US-led airstrikes – all a part of its appeal."In October 2014, Man Haron Monis wrote to Attorney-General George Brandis asking if he (Monis) could contact the first choice of ISIL, 8 weeks before he took hostages in the Sydney siege. On 28 Might 2015, Bishop informed Parliament that this letter was offered to an assessment from the siege, before fixing the record three times later on. New Colombo StrategyMonths following the authorities was sworn in, it all announced the execution of a fresh Colombo Strategy which would provide undergraduate college students with funding to review in a number of different locations inside the Indo-Pacific. The program began in pilot type and after preliminary success the entire system was rolled out in 2015. MH17 and UN Protection Council seatAlthough Bishop struggled the prior government's campaign to get Australia a short-term two-year seat around the United Nations Protection Council, she's been widely lauded on her behalf commanding performance when representing Australia around the Council. Specifically, the International Minister were able to negotiate an effective quality that was used from the Council when it comes to getting full usage of the crash site of MH17.Through the month of November 2014, Bishop chaired the Security Council and led getting together with to go over the risk of foreign battles, UN peacekeeping as well as the Ebola epidemic.Later on, Bishop led discussions to pass an answer to create an independent felony tribunal in to the downing of MH17. Although Russia vetoed the quality, Bishop was broadly praised on her behalf work and on her behalf strong statement following a veto that 'the expected excuses and obfuscation from the Russian Federation ought to be treated with the most disdain'. Feb 2015 management spillIn Feb 2015, Abbott experienced a backbench uprising over many badly judged "captain's calls". Both Julie Bishop and Malcolm Turnbull had been reported from the media as taking into consideration demanding for the management. Opinion poll outcomes consistently demonstrated that both Bishop and Turnbull had been preferred Liberal innovator over Abbott.The leadership spill movement failed 61 to 39 and Abbott remained unopposed as leader from the Liberal Party, retaining the Primary Ministership. Australian-Indonesian relationshipsBishop was involved in the highest degree of negotiations using the Indonesian Authorities in attempts to save lots of the lives of convicted medication smugglers Myuran Sukumaran and Andrew Chan. Demonstrating the country's opposition, and an individual opposition, towards the loss of life charges Bishop was broadly applauded for the way in which where she conducted discussions. This is in stark comparison towards the criticism confronted by Primary Minister Abbott who was simply ridiculed for remarks he manufactured in respect to foreign help supplied by Australia to Indonesia. Regardless of the government's attempts, both Chan and Sukumaran had been executed.Due to the executions, Bishop recalled the Australian ambassador from Indonesia in condemnation of their decision. Nevertheless, by August 2015 Bishop mentioned that the partnership with Indonesia was back again on the right track after privately ending up in the Indonesian Foreign Minister. Same-sex relationship debateThrough the same-sex marriage issue that divided the Liberal get together in August 2015, Bishop refused to publicly declare what her personal sights on the problem were. Nevertheless, the Foreign Minister do hint that she was towards reform because of being "extremely liberally minded" but also feels that religious organizations should be provided protections that prevent them becoming persecuted against predicated on their religious values.On 11 August 2015, Bishop is thought to have spoken extremely powerfully towards a plebiscite in the Coalition party space, believing that the problem should be place to a democratic vote following the up coming election such that it could no more distract from your government's policy plan through the current term. This eventually became the plan adopted from the Abbott Government. Sept 2015 management spillThrough the September 2015 spill that noticed Abbott changed by Turnbull as get together leader and perfect minister, Bishop maintained her role as Deputy Leader from the get together, defeating challenging from Kevin Andrews inside a 70–30 vote. On your day from the management change, she recommended the then Primary Minister, Tony Abbott, that he previously lost the self-confidence from the Parliamentary Liberal Party. She actually is said to possess designed to vote for Mr Abbott in the management vote needed that night until he announced her placement vacant aswell as his.

Turnbull Government

Bishop retained the Foreign Affairs stock portfolio following the development from the Turnbull Government.In Dec 2016, Bishop announced the introduction of a foreign policy white paper - the to begin its kind since 2003. That is commensurate with the government's advertising campaign promise release a a comprehensive international policy technique within a year.

Political positions

Bishop is known as a member from the average side from the Liberal Party, comparable to Perfect Minister Malcolm Turnbull. She's mentioned that she considers herself a "extremely liberal minded person".Bishop is towards an Australian republic and was a delegate on the constitutional convention of 1998. Whenever a conscience vote continues to be allowed with the Liberal Party, Bishop provides always voted in the "intensifying aspect", voting towards enabling stem cell analysis and for getting rid of ministerial oversight from the abortion tablet RU486.Bishop is a solid proponent of keeping a plebiscite on the problem of same-sex relationship. In a tv interview in November 2015, Bishop announced, for the very first time, that she backed same-sex marriage.

List of portfolios

Bishop offers held the next portfolios and parliamentary party positions since her election in 1998 (both shadow and federal government meetings are listed): 7 Oct 2003 – 27 January 2006: Minister for Ageing 27 January 2006 – 3 Dec 2007: Minister for Education, Research and Schooling 27 January 2006 – 3 Dec 2007: Minister Assisting the Perfect Minister for Women's Problems 27 November 2007 – Incumbent: Deputy Head of the Government Parliamentary Liberal Party 3 Dec 2007 – 18 Sept 2013: Deputy Leader from the Opposition 6 Dec 2007 – 22 Sept 2008: Shadow Minister for Employment, Business and Work environment Relations 22 Sept 2008 – 16 Feb 2009: Shadow Treasurer 16 Feb 2009 – 18 Sept 2013: Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs 14 Sept 2010 – 18 Sept 2013: Shadow Minister for Trade 18 Sept 2013 – Incumbent: Minister for Foreign Affairs

Personal life

In 1983, Bishop wedded property developer Neil Gillon. The few divorced in 1988. She's subsequently had romantic relationships with Liberal condition MP and senator Ross Lightfoot and a previous Lord Mayor of Perth, Peter Nattrass. Her current partner is normally property builder David Panton.

Titles, styles and honours

Honours

Foreign honours 5 Sept 2014: Commander from the Purchase of Merit of holland Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Ancestry

Ancestors of Julie Bishop                                     8. Charles Bishop                       4. William Bishop                             9. Alice Rowland                       2. Douglas Bishop                                   20. Robert Caldicott               10. Henry Caldicott                       21. Emma Saunders               5. Hilda Caldicott                             22. John Fry               11. Harriett Fry                       23. Harriett Dark brown               1. Julie Bishop                                         3. Isabel Wilson                                

See also

Set of foreign ministers in 2017 Set of current foreign ministers

Source
Wikipedia
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