Jennifer Bartlett

Jennifer Bartlett
'Houses', --serigraph-- by --Jennifer Bartlett--, 2005.jpg
'Houses', serigraph by Jennifer Bartlett, 2005
BornJennifer Losch
(1941-03-14) March 14, 1941 (age 76)
Long Beach, California
EducationMills College, Yale School of Art and Architecture
Known forPainting


Jennifer Losch Bartlett (given birth to March 14, 1941) can be an American designer. She actually is known for paintings and images that combine the system-based visual of Conceptual artwork using the painterly strategy of Neo-expressionism. A lot of her items are carried out on small, rectangular, enamel-coated metal plates that are mixed in grid formations to produce very large functions.

Family and education

Bartlett was created Jennifer Losch in 1941 in Long Seaside, California, among four kids. Her father possessed a construction organization and her mom was a style illustrator who remaining the field to improve her kids. She was raised in the suburbs of Very long Beach, close plenty of to the sea that she created an affinity for drinking water which would reappear in her mature function. She went to Mills University in Oakland, California, graduating having a BA in 1963. She after that relocated to New Haven to review in the Yale College of Artwork and Architecture at the same time when Minimalism was the dominating style. She analyzed with Josef Albers, Jack port Tworkov, Jim Dine, and Richard Serra, getting her MFA in 1965.Bartlett has described the knowledge of study in Yale mainly because her broadest impact: "I'd walked into my entire life". Inside a 2005 interview using the sculptor Elizabeth Murray (a pal from her Mills University days), she offered this set of items that she stated had been on her behalf mind like a first-year artwork student: As an designer, Ed Bartlett, Bach cello suites, Cézanne, engaging in graduate school, addressing NY, Albert Camus, Wayne Joyce. I’d attracted constantly since child years: huge drawings of each creature alive in the sea; Spanish missions with Indians camping in the foreground, in the backdrop Spanish men tossing cowhides more than a cliff to a waiting around ship; a huge selection of Cinderellas on five-by-eight pads, all as well but with differing locks color and dresses.Among Bartlett’s early influences were the painter Arshile Gorky, whose sketching she respected, Piet Mondrian, for the feeling of stillness in the task, and Sol LeWitt, for his conceptual systematics.After marrying medical student Ed Bartlett in 1964, she commuted between your Soho district of NY and New Haven, where she taught on the School of Connecticut. Pursuing her 1972 divorce, Bartlett transferred to NY full-time and started teaching at the institution of Visible Arts. In 1983 she wedded German professional Mathieu Carrière, with whom she acquired a little girl, Alice; they divorced in the first 1990s.


Bartlett is most beneficial known on her behalf paintings and images where familiar topics — which range from homes and landscapes to oceans and skies — are executed in a method that combines components of both representational and abstract artwork; indeed, she's commented that she will not acknowledge a differentiation between figurative and abstract artwork. She often functions in serial type or produces polyptychs, and she regularly devises guideline systems that guidebook the variants within confirmed group of functions, requiring us to spotlight "understanding, on procedure, on the result of moving perspective— and on the leaps that happen in our thoughts regardless of how rational we might believe we are". In the past due 1960s, affected by the task of John Cage, she began bringing chance components into her function.Her realistic functions favor mundane topics, such as moderate homes. Her installations frequently contain multiple canvases aswell as 3d objects. Home with Open up Door from 1988, in the assortment of the Honolulu Museum of Artwork, includes an oil color on canvas diptych as well as the same home built out of hardwood. The Dallas Museum of Artwork, the Honolulu Museum of Artwork, the LA State Museum of Artwork, the Metropolitan Museum of Artwork, the Museum of Great Arts, Houston, the Museum of Contemporary Artwork (NEW YORK), the Philadelphia Museum of Artwork, the SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA Museum of Contemporary Artwork, the Tate Contemporary, as well as the Whitney Museum of American Artwork (NEW YORK) are among the general public collections holding function by Jennifer BartlettMany critics see Bartlett's are inventive, energetic, wide-ranging, and ambitious, and she's been called among the two greatest painters from the Postminimalism era. One writer provides noted a central paradox of her function is normally that Bartlett provides taken the managed, rationalist grid well-liked by Conceptual performers and utilized it release a an evocative torrent of imagery which has much in keeping using the Neo-expressionist function from the 1980s which owes a debts to Impressionism aswell. Several critics discover her function shallow, overly centered on surface area, and weakened by its eclecticism. She's had many retrospectives and study exhibitions, the initial in 1985 originating on the Brooklyn Museum (NY) and newer types in 2011 on the Museum of Contemporary Artwork (NY) and 2014 on the Parrish Artwork Museum (NY).

Early experiments

In early stages, Bartlett made several three-dimensional works that she put through extreme conditions such as for example freezing and smashing. She also noticed that she needed something to pull on that was erasable but gridded just like the graph paper that she and several other Conceptual performers were using at that time. She developed what is right now among her signature components: foot-square metal plates with an ordinary white baked teeth enamel surface which was silkscreened a quarter-inch grid. She got these fabricated in huge quantities, and later on worked with various other sizes aswell.

Rhapsody (1975–76)

With her earliest well-known function, Rhapsody, Bartlett reinvented the mural form for Conceptual art. Rhapsody is usually a painting carried out on 987 foot-square enamel-coated metal tiles arranged inside a grid 7 plates high by approximately 142 wide, increasing across multiple wall space. The topic matter includes variants on what Bartlett experienced were the essential elements of artwork: four common motifs (home, tree ocean, hill), geometric forms (collection, circle, triangle, rectangular), and color (25 tones). The seven areas are entitled "Intro", "Hill", "Collection", "Home", "Tree", "Form", and "Sea".Rhapsody continues to be named an "extended lightweight mural" and a "post-painting painting" that "took the American artwork world by surprise". Relating to critic Roberta Smith, Rhapsody can be an epic accomplishment that brought collectively components of Photorealism, geometric abstraction, and design painting while also prefiguring 1980s Neo-expressionism. It really is so huge that Bartlett offers commented that she by no means noticed the piece all together until its initial open public exhibition. Bartlett provides stated of Rhapsody it "opened up the wall structure up rather than shutting it down. It appears bigger than it truly is.... It’s my method of producing edgeless paintings." It's been acquired with the Museum of Contemporary Art (NY).Subsequent series such as for example In your garden and Amagansett have grown to be even more painterly while even now retaining their systematizing rigor. Around 2004, she started including fragments of text message — phrases, items of dialogue, dreams — in a few of her paintings.

At Sea, Japan (1980)

In 1980, Bartlett started to focus on a complicated print task in collaboration with grasp printers in Japan. The effect was At Ocean, Japan, a waterscape imprinted in writing whose 6 sections span 8 ft wide. The image is made up from 96 screenprints and 86 color woodcuts.

In the Garden series (1979–83)

In your garden is some over 200 drawings (and afterwards paintings and designs) that take as their subject your garden behind a villa in Nice, France, where Bartlett remained in the wintertime of 1979-1980. Bartlett runs on the few main motifs — a vintage pool, a statue of the urinating youngster, a row of cypresses — to explore perspective, size, and changing light circumstances. The drawings range between pencil sketches to pastels and gouaches performed in a variety of styles, and several are diptychs or triptychs. She afterwards produced her backyard backyard in Brooklyn, NY, the concentrate of an identical group of diptychs.

Sea Wall (1985)

With Ocean Wall, Bartlett brought together oil painting and sculpture. The piece includes a huge painting of homes and boats on the dark ground, before which are put sculptural versions of these same objects.

Air: 24 Hours (1994)

A collaboration between Bartlett as well as the fiction writer Deborah Eisenberg, Air: a day first appeared like a book of 24 paintings by Bartlett with accompanying text by Eisenberg. Each painting displays a picture in Bartlett's home at a specific hour of your day.

Amagansett series (2007–08)

Amagansett is some essential oil paintings that take the sea, skies, and seaside scenery of Long Isle as their subject matter. They are coated in a unique cross-hatched design in a restricted palette favoring blues, greens, grays, and browns. Some parts are diptychs where Bartlett explores the shifts noticeable in a surroundings between two occasions of your time or noticed from two somewhat different sides of view.


In 1981, Bartlett created Swimmers Atlanta, a 200-foot multimedia mural for the Government Building in Atlanta, Georgia. She's since finished commissions for Volvo, AT&T, Saatchi & Saatchi, Info Sciences Institute, and Electric battery Park.

Selected Exhibitions

Paula Cooper Gallery, NY, 1976. Rhapsody. New Picture Painting, Whitney Museum of American Artwork, NY, 1978. Whitney Biennial, 1981. Walker Artwork Middle, Minneapolis, MN, 1984. Brooklyn Museum, NY, 1985. 15 Season Retrospective. Touring retrospective. Walker Artwork Middle, 1986. Touring exhibition. Orlando Museum of Artwork, 1993. Touring retrospective of designs. Addison Gallery of American Artwork, 2006. Early Dish Work. Speed Gallery, NY, 2011. Recitative (2009–10). Hair Gallery, Philadelphia, 2011. The Studio room Inside Out. Museum of Contemporary Art, NY, 2011. Rhapsody and various other works. Parrish Artwork Museum, 2014. Jennifer Bartlett: Background of the Universe — Functions 1970-2011. Touring study. Paula Cooper Gallery, 2016.

Honors and collections

Bartlett has received the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Characters Honor (1983) as well as the American Institute of Architects Honor (1986). She was elected in to the Country wide Academy of Style in 1990 and became a complete member in 1994.Bartlett’s work is within the collections from the Metropolitan Museum of Artwork (NY), the Museum of Contemporary Artwork (NY), the Guggenheim Museum (NY), the Whitney Museum of American Artwork (NY), the Country wide Gallery of Artwork (Washington, D.C.), the Tate Gallery (London), and additional institutions.Bartlett has lived in Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Paris and by 2014 lived in Amagansett on Long Isle.

Further reading

Bartlett, Jennifer. In your garden. Abrams, 1982. (With John Russell) Bartlett, Jennifer. Background of the Universe: A Book. Nimbus Books, 1985. Bartlett, Jennifer. "A Peaceable Kingdom". In Cuoco, Lorin, ed. The Dual Muse: The Article writer as Designer, the Designer as Article writer. John Benjamins Posting, 1999, pp. 49–68. Eisenberg, Deborah. Surroundings: a day: Jennifer Bartlett. NY: Abrams, 1994. Goldwater, Marge, Jennifer Bartlett. NY: Abbeville Press, 1985. Katz, Vincent. "Bartlett Displays Her Shades". Art in the us, January 2007, 106-111. Ottmann, Klaus, and Terrie Sultan. Jennifer Bartlett: Background of the Universe — Functions 1970-2011. Parrish Artwork Museum, 2013. Richardson, Brenda. Jennifer Bartlett: Early Dish Function. Andover, Massachusetts: Addison Gallery of American Artwork, 2006. Scott, Sue A. Jennifer Bartlett: A Printing Retrospective. Orlando, Florida: Orlando Museum of Artwork, 1993. Truck der Marck, Jan. Reconnecting: Latest Function by Jennifer Bartlett. Detroit, Michigan: Founders Culture, Detroit Institute of Arts, 1987. Smith, Roberta. Rhapsody. Abrams, 1985.