Hal Abelson

Hal Abelson
HalAbelsonJI1.jpg
Abelson in 2007
Born(1947-04-26) April 26, 1947 (age 70)
Fieldscomputer science, ethics, law, methodology, amorphous computing
InstitutionsMassachusetts Institute of Technology
Alma materPrinceton University
MIT
ThesisTopologically Distinct Conjugate-Varieties with Finite Fundamental-Group (1973)
Doctoral advisorDennis Sullivan
Doctoral studentsElizabeth Bradley, Daniel Coore, Michael Eisenberg, Margaret Fleck, Radhika Nagpal, Mitchel Resnick, Luis Rodriguez, Jr., Guillermo Rozas, Latanya Sweeney, Kurt VanLehn, Ron Weiss, Kenneth Yip, Feng Zhao, Fuming Shih
Known forCreative Commons, Public Knowledge, Free Software Foundation, Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs
Notable awardsBose Award (MIT School of Engineering, 1992)
Taylor L. Booth Education Award (IEEE-CS, 1995)
SIGCSE 2012 Outstanding Contribution to Computer Science Education (ACM, 2012)

Biography

Harold “Hal” Abelson (blessed Apr 26, 1947) is normally a Teacher of Electrical Anatomist and Computer Research at MIT, a fellow from the IEEE, and a founding director of both Innovative Commons as well as the Free Software program Foundation. He directed the initial implementation of Logo design for the Apple II, which made the vocabulary widely available in personal computers from 1981; and released a widely offering book on Logo design in 1982. As well as Gerald Jay Sussman, Abelson created MIT’s introductory pc science subject matter, The Framework and Interpretation of Pc Applications (aka 6.001), a topic organized around the idea that a pc vocabulary is primarily a formal moderate for expressing tips about methodology, instead of only a way to obtain a pc to perform functions. Abelson and Sussman also cooperate in codirecting the MIT Task on Mathematics and Computation. The MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) task was spearheaded by Hal Abelson and various other MIT faculty. Abelson led an interior investigation from the school’s options and function in the prosecution of Aaron Swartz with the FBI, which figured MIT did nothing at all legally wrong, but recommended that MIT consider changing a few of its internal insurance policies.

Education

Abelson keeps an AB level from Princeton University or college and obtained a PhD level in mathematics from MIT beneath the tutelage of mathematician Dennis Sullivan.

Work

Computer science education

Abelson includes a longstanding curiosity about using computation being a conceptual construction in teaching. He aimed the first execution of Logo design for the Apple II, which produced the language accessible on computers from 1981; and released a widely offering book on Logo design in 1982. His publication Turtle Geometry, created with Andrea diSessa in 1981, shown a computational method of geometry which includes been cited as "the first rung on the ladder in a innovative change in the complete teaching/learning procedure." In March 2015, a duplicate of Abelson's 1969 execution of Turtle images was offered at The Algorithm Public sale, the globe’s first public sale of pc algorithms.As well as Gerald Jay Sussman, Abelson developed MIT's introductory pc science subject matter, Structure and Interpretation of Pc Programs, a topic organized around the idea that a pc vocabulary is primarily a formal moderate for expressing tips about methodology, instead of just a method to obtain a pc to perform functions. This function, through the textbook from the same name, videotapes of their lectures, as well as the availability on computers from the System dialect of Lisp (found in teaching the training course), has already established a worldwide effect on school computer-science education.He's a going to faculty member in Google, where he's area of the "App Inventor for Google android" group, an educational plan aiming to produce it possible for people without development background to create cellular phone applications and "explore whether this may change the type of introductory processing". He's the co-author from the reserve App Inventor with David Wolber, Ellen Spertus, and Liz Looney, released by O'Reilly Mass media in 2011.

Computational tools

Abelson and Sussman also cooperate in codirecting the MIT Task on Mathematics and Computation, a task from the MIT Pc Research and Artificial Cleverness Lab (previously a joint task from the AI Laboratory and LCS, CSAIL's elements). The purpose of the task is to make better computational equipment for researchers and designers. But despite having powerful numerical computer systems, exploring complicated physical systems still needs substantial human work and individual judgement to get ready simulations also to interpret numerical outcomes.As well as their learners, Abelson and Sussman are merging methods from numerical computation, symbolic algebra, and heuristic development to develop applications that not merely perform massive numerical computations, but that also interpret these computations and "discuss" the leads to qualitative terms. Applications such as for example these can form the foundation for intelligent technological equipment that monitor physical systems based on high-level behavioral explanations. Even more generally, they may lead to a new era of computational equipment that may autonomously explore complicated physical systems, and that may play a significant part in the foreseeable future practice of technology and engineering. At exactly the same time, these applications incorporate computational formulations of medical knowledge that may type the foundations of improved ways to teach technology and engineering.

Free software movement

Abelson and Sussman are also an integral part of the Free of charge Software Motion, including serving within the Table of Directors from the Free of charge Software Foundation.Abelson may have been mixed up in posting of Andrew Huang's Hacking the Xbox and Keith Winstein's seven-line Perl DeCSS script (referred to as qrpff), aswell as Light, MIT's campus-wide music distribution program. The MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) task was spearheaded by Hal Abelson and additional MIT faculty.

Aaron Swartz investigation

In January 2013, open up access activist Aaron Swartz dedicated suicide. He previously previously been caught near MIT and was facing up to 35 years imprisonment for the alleged criminal offense of installing JSTOR content articles through MIT's "open up gain access to" campus network.In response, MIT appointed professor Hal Abelson to lead an interior investigation from the school's choices and role in the prosecution of Aaron Swartz from the FBI. The statement was shipped on July 26, 2013. It figured MIT did nothing at all legally incorrect, but suggested that MIT consider changing a few of its internal plans.

Other affiliations

Abelson can be a founding movie director of Creative Commons and Open public Understanding, and a movie director of the guts for Democracy and Technology.

Awards and honors

Designated as you of MIT's six inaugural MacVicar Faculty Fellows, in 1992, in recognition of his significant and suffered contributions to teaching and undergraduate education 1992 Bose Honor (MIT's College of Executive teaching award) 1995 Taylor L. Booth Education Honor distributed by IEEE Pc Culture, cited for his continuing contributions towards the pedagogy and teaching of introductory pc technology 2011 ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Exceptional Educator Honor for "his contribution to processing education, through his innovative improvements in curricula created for college students pursuing different varieties of processing expertise, as well as for his management in the motion for open up educational assets" 2012 ACM SIGCSE Honor for Exceptional Contribution to Pc Science Education

Writings

With Gerald Jay Sussman and Julie Sussman. Framework and Interpretation of Pc Applications. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, Second Model 1996. (ISBN 0-262-51087-1) With Andrea diSessa. Turtle Geometry: The Pc As a Moderate for Discovering Mathematics. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1981. ISBN 978-0-262-01063-4 With Harry R. Lewis. Blown to Parts: YOUR DAILY LIFE, Liberty, and Pleasure Following the Digital Explosion, Top Saddle River, NJ: Addison-Wesley, 2008. ISBN 978-0-13-713559-2

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