Guido Barbujani

Guido Barbujani
Guido Barbujani.jpg
BornJanuary 31, 1955 (1955-01-31) (age 62)
Italy
CitizenshipItaly
NationalityItalian
FieldsGenetics, Evolutionary Biology
InstitutionsState University of New York, Stony Brook; University of Ferrara
Alma materUniversity of Ferrara
Known forContributions to Population genetics
InfluencesRobert R. Sokal; Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza

Biography

Guido Barbujani (given birth to January 31, 1955) can be an Italian populace geneticist, evolutionist and literary writer given birth to in Adria, that has been functioning at the Condition University of NY in Stony Brook (NY), in the Padua and Bologna Colleges, and is currently a professor in the University or college of Ferrara since 1996.

Works

A population geneticist by training, continues to be working on many aspects of individual hereditary variation. In cooperation with Robert R. Sokal, he pioneered the statistical evaluation of patterns of hereditary and linguistic deviation, showing that vocabulary differences may donate to reproductive isolation, and therefore promote hereditary divergence between populations.His analyses of geographic patterns of genetic deviation in European countries support Luca Cavalli-Sforza's Neolithic demic diffusion model, i.e. the theory that farming spread in the Neolithic due to the fact farmers did, rather than by cultural transmitting. Two implications of the finding are that a lot of Europeans' ancestors didn't live in European countries, however in the Near East, up to Neolithic moments, and that within their Westward enlargement the first farmers transported with them their genes, their technology, and perhaps their languages as well.His research of the quantity of DNA differentiation among individual populations, and of its spatial distribution, resulted in the final outcome that traditional individual racial classification does not account for a lot of the existing patterns of genetic deviation. Rather, it appears that hereditary deviation is basically uncorrelated across genes, which, if verified, would clarify why no consensus was ever reached on the catalog of human being natural races. This activity in addition has resulted in magazines for everyone.His latest DNA studies concentrate on genetic characterization of ancient human being populations, such as for example Paleolithic anatomically contemporary human beings of Cro-Magnoid morphology, the Etruscans as well as the Neolithic (nuragic) Sardinians.Barbujani may be the author of 3 novels.

Quote

"The idea that humans naturally participate in one of several natural types or races that evolved in isolation was unchallenged for years and years, but large-scale contemporary studies didn't associate racial labels with recognizable hereditary clusters." (Barbujani G., 2005, p. 215)

Scientific Bibliography

Barbujani G. and Sokal R.R. (1990) Areas of sharp hereditary change in European countries may also be linguistic limitations. Proceedings from the Country wide Academy of Sciences USA 87:1816-1819. Barbujani G., Magagni A., Minch E. and Cavalli-Sforza L.L. (1997) An apportionment of individual DNA variety. Proceedings from the Country wide Academy of Sciences USA 94:4516-4519. Barbujani G. and Bertorelle G. (2001) Genetics and the populace history of European countries. Proceedings from the Country wide Academy of Sciences USA 98:22-25. Chikhi L., Destro-Bisol G., Bertorelle G., Pascali V., and Barbujani G. (1998) Clines of nuclear DNA markers recommend a recently available, Neolithic ancestry from the Western european gene pool. Proceedings from the Country wide Academy of Sciences USA, 95:9053-9058. Romualdi C., Balding D., Nasidze I.S., Risch G., Robichaux M., Sherry S., Stoneking M., Batzer M. and Barbujani G. (2002) Patterns of individual variety, within and among continents, inferred from biallelic DNA polymorphisms. Genome Analysis 12:602-612. Barbujani G. and Goldstein D.B. (2004) Africans and Asians overseas: Genetic variety in European countries. Annual Overview of Genomics and Individual Genetics 5:119-150. Dupanloup I., Bertorelle G., Chikhi L. and Barbujani G. (2004) Estimating the influence of prehistoric admixture for the Europeans’ genome. Molecular Biology and Advancement 21:1361-1372 Barbujani G. (2005) Individual races: Classifying people vs. understanding variety. Current Genomics 6:215-226 Belle E.M.S., Ramakrishnan U., Hill J. and Barbujani G. (2006) Serial coalescent simulations recommend a weakened genealogical romantic relationship between Etruscans and contemporary Tuscans. Proceedings from the Country wide Academy of Sciences USA 103:8012-8017. Caramelli D., Milani L., Vai S., Modi A., Pecchioli E., Girardi M., Pilli E., Lari M., Lippi B., Ronchitelli A., Mallegni F., Casoli A., Bertorelle G., Barbujani G. (2008) A 28,000 years of age Cro–Magnon mtDNA series differs from all possibly contaminating contemporary sequences. PLoS ONE 3:e2700. Ghirotto S., Mona S., Benazzo A., Paparazzo F., Caramelli D., Barbujani G. (2010) Inferring genealogical procedures from patterns of Bronze–age group and contemporary DNA variant in Sardinia. Molecular Biology and Advancement 27:775–786. Barbujani G. and Colonna V. (2010) Individual genome variety: Faqs. Developments in Genetics 26:285–295.

Bibliography (Books, Nonfiction)

Barbujani G. (2006) L'invenzione delle razze. Bompiani, Milan. Portuguese translation: A invencão das racas, Editora Contexto, São Paulo, Brazil (2007). Barbujani G. and Cheli P. (2008) Sono razzista, ma sto cercando di smettere. Laterza, Rome-Bari. Barbujani G. (2008) Europei senza se e senza ma. Storie di neandertaliani e di immigrati. Bompiani, Milan. Barbujani G. (2016) Gli africani siamo noi. Alle origini dell'uomo. Laterza, Bari.

Bibliography (Books, Fiction)

Dilettanti. Marsilio, Venice, 1994 (Republished as: Dilettanti. Quattro viaggi nei dintorni di Charles Darwin. Sironi, Milan, 2004) Dopoguerra. Sironi, Milan, 2002. Questione di razza. Mondadori, Milan, 2003.

Source
Wikipedia
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