Chen Liangyu

Chen Liangyu
Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai
In office
October 2002 - September 2006
Preceded byHuang Ju
Succeeded by Han Zheng (acting)
Mayor of Shanghai
In office
December 2001 - February 2003
Preceded byXu Kuangdi
Succeeded byHan Zheng
Personal details
Born (1946-10-24) October 24, 1946 (age 70)
Shanghai, China
Political party Communist Party of China (expelled)
Spouse(s)Huang Yiling


Chen Liangyu (given birth to 24 Oct 1946 in Shanghai) is a disgraced Chinese language politician most widely known for his tenure simply because the Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai, the city’s best workplace, from 2002 to his dismissal in 2006, and an associate from the Politburo from the Communist Party of China. Chen worked in Shanghai for his entire public lifestyle, serving simply because mayor from 2001–2003. Chen had taken on many mega-projects while he was mayor, added towards the city’s financial advancement, and was instrumental in Shanghai’s bet to web host the 2010 Globe Expo. Chen, a prominent person in the Shanghai clique, was also known for his politics partisanship and opposition towards the macro-economic control procedures from the Hu-Wen Administration. Chen was dismissed in Sept 2006 for problem charges linked to the misuse of profit Shanghai’s public security finance. In Apr 2008, Chen was sentenced to 18 years in jail on fees of financial scams, mistreatment of power, and agreeing to bribery.

Rise to power

Chen graduated in the People's Liberation Military Institute of Logistics Anatomist, majoring in structures. He had 2 yrs of experience employed in the armed forces between 1968–1970 within the PLA 6716 Squadron. From Sept 1970 to March 1983, Chen proved helpful on the Shanghai Pengpu Equipment Factory as an employee and estimator. He was ultimately marketed to capital structure branch vice-section key. He also continued a year-long sabbatical to Tongji School. In March 1983 he was marketed to be deputy plant supervisor from the Shanghai Pengpu machine stock, aswell as the party committee deputy secretary from the Shanghai Metallurgy Mining Equipment Company. He became a member of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in Apr 1980. By March 1984, Chen obtained further promotion, getting the CPC Secretary for Shanghai's Electronic Devices Bureau. Between January 1985 and Feb 1987 he became bureau key and helper commissioner from the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee – Aged cadre bureau. In Feb 1987, Chen obtained a publishing as the brand new magistrate for Huangpu Region in Shanghai. He continued sabbatical studying open public administration on the School of Birmingham from January to Sept 1992 through a UK federal government funded Chevening Scholarship or grant.Chen was promoted to become Deputy Mayor of Shanghai in 1996, concurrently holding the CPC Vice-Secretary position. As after that Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin produced his politics manoeuvers prior to the 16th Party Congress in 2002 to fortify the Shanghai power bottom along with his loyalties, Chen became the beneficiary, changing after that Mayor Xu Kuangdi, getting Mayor of Shanghai in past due 2002, and Secretary from the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee in Feb 2003. He was as a result granted account in the Politburo from the CPC Central Committee. As an ally of previous General Secretary Jiang Zemin, Chen was to maintain Jiang's Shanghai foundation of power while Hu Jintao was presented with all formal positions of power. Chen can be thought to be linked to property magnate and banker Zhou Zhengyi in the Shanghai PROPERTY scandals, where occupants were pressured to relocate for fresh housing advancements where traditional style flats were becoming demolished to develop modern-style condominiums.

Mayor and party chief of Shanghai

Chen Liangyu became the CPC Committee Secretary for Shanghai in November 2002, the city's top workplace, so that as is customary for the occupants of the workplace, he was also provided a seat for the Politburo from the 16th CPC Central Committee. During Chen's term in workplace, Shanghai's overall economy grew quickly, which added to significant improvements in the living specifications from the city's residents.

Economic growth and municipal building

During Chen's term in workplace, Shanghai's general annual economic growth price stood at about 13%, in the forefront of the united states, the common annual revenue growth of over 20%, and over time turned to the proportion from the central financing a lot more than 15% The annual transfer and export level of the Slot of Shanghai exceeded 400 billion U.S. dollars, at the average annual boost of over 30%. The cargo throughput from the slot exceeded 500 million lots, ranking 1st in the globe. Municipal facilities and large-scale commercial production construction tasks proceeded at an instant pace; prominent for example the Yangshan Deepwater Slot (Number), the Shanghai Globe Financial Middle, the Shanghai Metro, and Jiangnan Shipyard Changxing Isle base, as well as the Shanghai Chemical substance Industrial Area. These large level tasks cemented Shanghai's placement as the financial heart of the united states.

Improving the livelihood of the people and helping the poor

Urban visitors congestion and poor general public transit have been a long-standing problem in Shanghai. Chen Liangyu was individually invested in the problem, and during his term in workplace Shanghai noticed significant improvements to its transit program and transport facilities. Due to the metropolitan rail building during Chen's term, the Metro experienced overtaken buses as the primary transport tool for some Shanghai occupants. Additionally Mr. Chen oversaw the building of bridges and tunnels within the Huangpu River, like the Lupu Bridge. Starting several fresh arterial bridges relieved pressure from existing bridges and tunnels, therefore easing visitors jams.Because of historical reasons, the Shanghai region had large regions of shanty cities and old-fashioned neighborhoods, a lot of residents faced a casing shortage and poor living circumstances. Chen Liangyu led the Shanghai municipal authorities in a strenuous urban transformation, with the municipal executive sensible relocation and resettlement. This not merely beautified the metropolitan environment and improved the living circumstances from the people, it really is specifically important because of the relocation and resettlement of family members population predicated on a per capita metric, which resolved the housing complications of a lot of people, specifically the impoverished, and decreased the responsibility of rising casing prices.Under Chen Liangyu's management air pollution in the Suzhou River, which had long plagued Shanghai, came under administration. The Suzhou River drinking water pollution issue was greatly decreased. Additionally the scenery round the Suzhou River underwent substantial changes.Chen Liangyu mainly because party secretary of Shanghai frequently stressed the necessity to protect low-income and vulnerable members of society. Mr. Chen began in the grassroots and individually visited individuals who had been much less well-off; he additionally supervised the execution of policy steps combating poverty. Chen Liangyu also utilized a number of tools to guarantee the welfare from the folks of Shanghai, including: improve pensions and medical health insurance and additional social security applications, develop measures to improve active workers and retirees income, and improved occupations. Chen Liangyu's interest and attempts on the problem of people's livelihood helped Shanghai culture maintain tranquility and stability, the common life span exceeded 80 years, and users of the general public felt a larger sense of owed and pride in regards to to being citizens of Shanghai.

Reform and innovation, and opening wider to the outside world

Among the landmarks from the Shanghai Globe Expo China Pavilion Evening Picture With Shanghai's economic advancement, the traditional style of advancement that depend on cheap labor and great energy intake is becoming increasingly constrained further advancement. To the end, Chen Liangyu, Shanghai should enhance the capability of unbiased innovation, economic development with a "resource-dependent" to "innovation-driven". On the other hand, Chen Liangyu to put into action the "know-how" and the town through research and education "technique, to increase expenditure in education, the percentage of Shanghai education and analysis funding has elevated year by calendar year, gradually enhance the program of lifelong education, brand-new The work force average many years of education for 14 years. Furthermore, Chen Liangyu, pioneering the introduction of recycling economy to be able to reduce the intake of assets and building up environmental security. These measures, so the commercial framework of Shanghai's general progress, as well as the formation as well as the continuous consolidation from the primary competitiveness during Shanghai's overall economy has preserved double-digit development, while energy intake annual development of no more than 5%.In checking, Chen Liangyu presided over setting up the 2010 Shanghai Globe Expo -- the bid, structure and preparation function, to develop several measures to aid the Shanghai bid to web host the Globe Expo and to attract countries towards the stadium stationed in Shanghai Globe Expo of Government authorities, and during, exhibitors Affairs produced significant improvement, confirmed exhibitors for the amount of countries and international organizations to make a historical record. On the other hand, Chen Liangyu vigorously the launch of international capital, and various other means to broaden the amount of checking in Shanghai, to boost Shanghai's worldwide transparency, increase Shanghai as a global metropolis, the speed of reconstruction.

Cultural heritage and dialect protection

Shanghai primary classes in Teacher Shanghai dialect Shanghai was referred to as the "dropped culture Highland includes a wealthy historical and cultural heritage, Chen Liangyu, that culture may be the essence of the city, soul and lifeblood of concentrate on having forward the revival of Shanghai's specialty boutique culture and focus on the protection of historic buildings in Shanghai. Furthermore, right from the start from the 1990s, Shanghai vigorously promote Mandarin, Shanghai dialect as the primary of local lifestyle (Shanghai lifestyle) is becoming increasingly at the mercy of compression, an extremely grim circumstance. As the command of Shanghai, Chen Liangyu, upon this concern to have a even more flexible method is normally relatively effective security of the neighborhood culture as well as the Shanghai dialect, the Shanghai open public affirmation.

Counterpart support and regional cooperation

As the officials responsible for China's economic center Shanghai, Chen Liangyu advocate providers nationwide, to aid the economic construction of the other provinces and municipalities ought to be in the introduction of its own idea, in its term of office, the size of foreign aid and economic cooperation broaden personnel exchanges and mutual learning exchanges have become increasingly active.

Controversial circumstances

Along with Mayor Han Zheng, Chen continuing the CPC's reformation, and during his leadership Shanghai was decided on as the host city for Expo 2010. Chen was officially acknowledged with dramatically raising the scale and performance of Shanghai's open public transportation. Shanghai's increasing property prices possess plagued the town since 2002, and increased over 200% during Chen's term in workplace as the city's Party Key, as common Shanghai citizens discovered it increasingly difficult to acquire a location to live. The true estate network got a history to be monopolized. The federal government had attemptedto assert control, but due to the inevitable hyperlink between the federal government and personal businesses, many offers were cut where Chen was implicated. Chen also kept major passions in the Shanghai Shenhua soccer squad, attending all their house matches as well as supervising some procedures.His image in the town during his tenure as mayor was divisive. He initiated some gigantic projects to become finished with time for Shanghai's hosting from the 2010 Globe Exposition, including shipping and delivery 128,000 a great deal of sand to make a seaside in Shanghai's suburbs, creating a $209 million world-class golf organic and a $300 million Formula One circuit racetrack. His most questionable task was the suggested Shanghai-Hangzhou mag-lev teach. Competitors of Chen coated him as corrupt, brief tempered, and despotic during Municipal Committee conferences which he chaired. Followers of Chen acknowledged him with openness, and noticed him being a intensifying leader imperative to Shanghai's financial and social advancement on the worldwide scene. Various other observers noticed Chen as a highly effective regional administrator in Shanghai, but an impediment to countrywide equalization and macroeconomic handles (otherwise referred to as Hongguan Tiaokong).During his term, Chen marketed massive levels of get to his brother who resold the get for a lot more than tenfold, getting Shanghai's property magnate.Chen's boy, Chen Weili, was produced an executive from the Shanghai Shenhua soccer team soon after graduating from college or university.

Pension scandal, dismissal, and conviction

In August 2006, Qin Yu, among Chen's best aides, was abruptly dismissed from his position as Baoshan District governor, and arrested. Qin was billed using the misappropriation of $400 million from the city's pension money. The city's interpersonal security coffers handled a lot more than 10 billion yuan (US$1.25 billion) in property. Instead of trading the amount of money in low-risk authorities bonds and lender deposits, it had been invested in costly property and toll street projects around the town. It had been suspected the city's top management numbers, including Chen, could possibly be implicated in the scandal.During Chen's term as get together chief, he routinely pursued policies that drew friction from your party's central leadership as well as the policies of General Secretary Hu Jintao. Hu's authorities favoured balanced local financial advancement and feared interpersonal divisions caused by a widening prosperity gap, and therefore attemptedto rein in local leaders who wished to go after rapid financial development that they considered overtly favoring local financial interests. Chen apparently clashed with Top Wen Jiabao openly at a Politburo conference in Beijing over the problem of financial advancement, indicating that Chen thought the Top was standing in the form of China's financial development. Chen's claims at municipal conferences also charted a fresh independent training course; Chen compared the Communist Party's long-held convention that "Marxism acts as the guiding technological process." Rather, Chen stated to trust "all types of research" – signaling he was at chances using the Communist Party's orthodoxy.On Sept 25, citing alleged involvement in the pension scandal, Chen was dismissed as Shanghai party key and suspended from his account in the party's Central Committee and its own Politburo. A group composed of someone hundred researchers from central specialists in Beijing was delivered to Shanghai to research. Two times before his dismissal, Chen and mayor Han Zheng visited Beijing to meet up with Hu Jintao. There Chen was detained, in support of Han came back to Shanghai. The specialists carefully maintained the transfer of power in Shanghai. On your day of Chen's dismissal, Han Zheng came back to Shanghai at 3 am and named an public meeting to provide Beijing's decision that Chen was suspended due to the scandal which Han himself was assuming the post of performing party main. Chen was billed with "assisting further the financial interests of unlawful people", "safeguarding staff who seriously violated laws and regulations and self-discipline" and "furthering the passions of family by taking benefit of his official articles."There is also indication that Chen's sacking occurred for political factors; Chen had not been the only Chinese language official who experienced a brief history of misusing general public money. Chen was a protégé of previous General Secretary Jiang Zemin and a older person in the Shanghai Clique. In carving out an area fiefdom for himself and ready to boldly deviate from your party's official financial plans, Chen was regarded as a severe rival to General Secretary Hu Jintao, and his dismissal was interpreted like a politics triumph for Hu. Chen was the highest-ranking Chinese language official to become fired since previous Beijing party secretary Chen Xitong (no connection) was sentenced to 16 years in jail in 1995 (released on medical parole in 2006). The Shanghai pension scandal also resulted in the dismissal of the principle from the Municipal Labour and Sociable Protection Bureau Zhu Junyi, as well as the downfall of many prominent entrepreneurs, the professionals of Shanghai's biggest commercial conglomerate, and additional city officials.In July 2007, Chen was expelled from your Communist Party, and his case was used in judicial authorities. Compared to the judicial actions against Chen Xitong, Chen's case proceeded at a considerably faster pace. Through the analysis, Chen was placed directly under home arrest in Qinhuangdao, where he resided within a mansion, and spent the majority of his period handmade cards and reading, buying his foods from selections. Thereafter, Chen was used in Qincheng Jail in the Changping Region of Beijing.Chen's trial began in later March 2008. He was symbolized by Beijing attorneys Gao Zicheng and Liu Limu. He encountered three fees: embezzlement, misuse of public power, and behavior incompatible along with his workplace. Chen recognized that he was "partly accountable" for the pension finance scandal, but pleaded 'not really guilty' towards the fees. Nevertheless, he was discovered guilty with the courtroom. By the end of the courtroom program on March 25, Chen mentioned "I'm sorry towards the party, the folks of Shanghai, and my children". On Apr 11, 2008, Chen, 61, was sentenced to 18 years in jail for recognizing $340,000 in bribes and abusing power, particularly, for share manipulation, financial scams and his function in the town pension finance scandal, on the No. 2 Intermediate People’s Courtroom, Tianjin.

See also

Shanghai portal Biography portal Politics portal Zhang Rongkun Politics from the People's Republic of China